Echo Command

From Linux Shell Scripting Tutorial - A Beginner's handbook
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To display the value of a variable either use echo or printf command as follows:

echo $varName

OR

printf "%s\n" $varName

Generating Output With echo command

Use echo command to display a line of text or variable value. It offer no formatting option. It is good command to display simple output.

echo Command Examples

#!/bin/bash
# Display welcome message, computer name and date
echo "*** Backup Shell Script ***"
echo
echo "*** Run time: $(date) @ $(hostname)"
echo

# Define variables
BACKUP="/nas05"
NOW=$(date +"%d-%m-%Y")
 
# Let us start backup
echo "*** Dumping MySQL Database to $BACKUP/$NOW..."

# Just sleep for 3 secs
sleep 3

# And we are done...
echo
echo "*** Backup wrote to $BACKUP/$NOW/latest.tar.gz"