Shell Script to find the validity of a given date

in Categories Time and Date last updated April 5, 2008

Date is entered in mm/dd/yyyy format using a keyboard. Various conditions are applied to make sure date is valid. Read the program comments to get idea about program logic.

#!/bin/bash
# Shell program to find the validity of a given date
# -----------------------------------------------
# Copyright (c) 2005 nixCraft project <http://cyberciti.biz/fb/>
# This script is licensed under GNU GPL version 2.0 or above
# -------------------------------------------------------------------------
# This script is part of nixCraft shell script collection (NSSC)
# Visit http://bash.cyberciti.biz/ for more information.
# -------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
# store day, month and year
dd=0
mm=0
yy=0
 
# store number of days in a month
days=0
 
# get day, month and year
echo -n "Enter day (dd) : "
read dd
 
echo -n "Enter month (mm) : "
read mm
 
echo -n "Enter year (yyyy) : "
read yy
 
# if month is negative (<0) or greater than 12 
# then it is invalid month
if [ $mm -le 0 -o $mm -gt 12 ];
then
    echo "$mm is invalid month."
    exit 1
fi
 
# Find out number of days in given month
case $mm in 
    1) days=31;;
    2) days=28 ;;
    3) days=31 ;;
    4) days=30 ;;
    5) days=31 ;;
    6) days=30 ;;
    7) days=31 ;;
    8) days=31 ;;
    9) days=30 ;;
    10) days=31 ;;
    11) days=30 ;;
    12) days=31 ;;
    *) days=-1;;
esac
 
# find out if it is a leap year or not
 
if [ $mm -eq 2 ]; # if it is feb month then only check of leap year
then
	if [ $((yy % 4)) -ne 0 ] ; then
	   : #  not a leap year : means do nothing and use old value of days
	elif [ $((yy % 400)) -eq 0 ] ; then
	   # yes, it's a leap year
	   days=29
	elif [ $((yy % 100)) -eq 0 ] ; then
	   : # not a leap year do nothing and use old value of days
	else
	   # it is a leap year
	   days=29
	fi
fi
 
# if day is negative (<0) and if day is more than 
# that months days then day is invaild
if [ $dd -le 0 -o $dd -gt $days ];
then
    echo "$dd day is invalid"
    exit 3
fi
 
# if no error that means date dd/mm/yyyy is valid one
echo "$dd/$mm/$yy is a vaild date"

Shell Script to ask user his / her name and then display it with a G’Day/Good morning message

in Categories Academic last updated April 3, 2008

This script greets user with a message. Then it displays prompt asking user her name. Once name entered it will display Gooday message using echo command.

read statement will read one line from the user (keyboard) or from file and store it to a variable called yourname.

#!/bin/bash
# Shell Script to ask user his/her name and then display it with a
# GoodDay/Good morning message
# -------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Copyright (c) 2005 nixCraft project <http://cyberciti.biz/fb/>
# This script is licensed under GNU GPL version 2.0 or above
# -------------------------------------------------------------------------
# This script is part of nixCraft shell script collection (NSSC)
# Visit http://bash.cyberciti.biz/ for more information.
# -------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
echo "Hi! I'm $(hostname) computer!!"
echo -n "May I know your name please ? "
read yourname
echo "Goo Day $yourname"