Monitor UNIX / Linux Server Disk Space with Shell Script

in Categories Monitoring last updated April 10, 2008

Shell script to monitor or watch the disk space and send an email alert if the (free avilable) percentage of space is >= 90%

#!/bin/sh
# Shell script to monitor or watch the disk space
# It will send an email to $ADMIN, if the (free avilable) percentage 
# of space is >= 90% 
# -------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Copyright (c) 2005 nixCraft project <http://cyberciti.biz/fb/>
# This script is licensed under GNU GPL version 2.0 or above
# -------------------------------------------------------------------------
# This script is part of nixCraft shell script collection (NSSC)
# Visit http://bash.cyberciti.biz/ for more information.
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Linux shell script to watch disk space (should work on other UNIX oses )
# SEE URL: http://www.cyberciti.biz/tips/shell-script-to-watch-the-disk-space.html
# set admin email so that you can get email
ADMIN="me@somewher.com"
# set alert level 90% is default
ALERT=90
df -H | grep -vE '^Filesystem|tmpfs|cdrom' | awk '{ print $5 " " $1 }' | while read output;
do
  #echo $output
  usep=$(echo $output | awk '{ print $1}' | cut -d'%' -f1  )
  partition=$(echo $output | awk '{ print $2 }' )
  if [ $usep -ge $ALERT ]; then
    echo "Running out of space \"$partition ($usep%)\" on $(hostname) as on $(date)" | 
     mail -s "Alert: Almost out of disk space $usep" $ADMIN
  fi
done

Shell script to copy all files recursively and upload them to remote FTP server

in Categories Backup, Ftp last updated April 9, 2008
#!/bin/bash
# Shell script to copy all files recursively and upload them to 
# remote FTP server (copy local all directories/tree to remote ftp server)
#
# If you want to use this script in cron then make sure you have
# file pointed by $AUTHFILE (see below) and add lines to it:
# host ftp.mycorp.com
# user myftpuser
# pass mypassword
# 
# This is a free shell script under GNU GPL version 2.0 or above
# Copyright (C) 2005 nixCraft
# Feedback/comment/suggestions : http://cyberciti.biz/fb/
# -------------------------------------------------------------------------
# This script is part of nixCraft shell script collection (NSSC)
# Visit http://bash.cyberciti.biz/ for more information.
# -------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
FTP="/usr/bin/ncftpput"
CMD=""
AUTHFILE="/root/.myupload"
 
if [ -f $AUTHFILE ] ; then 
  # use the file for auth
  CMD="$FTP -m -R -f $AUTHFILE $myf $remotedir $localdir"
else
  echo "*** To terminate at any point hit [ CTRL + C ] ***"
  read -p "Enter ftpserver name : " myf
  read -p "Enter ftp username : " myu
  read -s -p "Enter ftp password : " myp
  echo ""
  read -p "Enter ftp remote directory [/] : " remotedir
  read -p "Enter local directory to upload path [.] : " localdir
  [ "$remotedir" == "" ] && remotedir="/" || :
  [ "$localdir" == "" ] && localdir="." || :
  CMD="$FTP -m -R -u $myu -p $myp $myf $remotedir $localdir"
fi
 
$CMD

Shell script to find whether an input number is palindrome or not

in Categories Academic, Shell Math last updated April 12, 2008

A palindrome is a word, phrase, number or other sequence of units that has the property of reading the same in either direction (the adjustment of punctuation and spaces between words is generally permitted). Composing literature in palindromes is an example of constrained writing. The word “palindrome” was coined from Greek roots palin (“back”) and dromos (“way, direction”) by English writer Ben Jonson in the 1600s.

A palindromic number is a number where the digits, with decimal representation usually assumed, are the same read backwards, for example, 58285. They are studied in recreational mathematics where palindromic numbers with special properties are sought. A palindromic prime is a palindromic number that is a prime number.

#!/bin/bash
# Shell script to find whether an input number is palindrome or not
# -----------------------------------------------
# Copyright (c) 2006 nixCraft <http://cyberciti.biz/fb/>
# This script is licensed under GNU GPL version 2.0 or above
# -------------------------------------------------------------------------
# This script is part of nixCraft shell script collection (NSSC)
# Visit http://bash.cyberciti.biz/ for more information.
# -------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
echo -n "Enter number : "
read n
 
# store single digit
sd=0
 
# store number in reverse order
rev=""
 
# store original number
on=$n
 
while [ $n -gt 0 ]
do
    sd=$(( $n % 10 )) # get Remainder 
    n=$(( $n / 10 ))  # get next digit
    # store previous number and current digit in reverse 
    rev=$( echo ${rev}${sd} ) 
done
 
if [ $on -eq $rev ];
then
  echo "Number is palindrome"
else
  echo "Number is NOT palindrome"
fi

Shell Script Which Gets Executed With Greetings – The Moment User Logs In

in Categories Time and Date last updated April 5, 2008

Write shell script which gets executed the moment user logs in, it should greet user

Script first finds out current hour using date command

Depend upon time of the day, it will say Good morning or Good afternoon to user.

Open your bash / shell startup file i.e. profile file – ~/.bash_profile and put path to this script in file as follow:
/home/you/path/to/script

Sample shell script to greet user

#!/bin/bash
# Shell program which gets executed the moment the user logs in, it should
# display the message "Good morning", "Good Afternoon", or "Good Evening"
# depnding upon the time which the user logs in.
# =====================================================================
# Q. How to run this script as soon as user logs in?
# A. Open your bash startup file aka profile file - ~/.bash_profile
# and put path to this script in file as follow:
# . /path/to/greetings.sh
# -----------------------------------------------
# Copyright (c) 2005 nixCraft project <http://cyberciti.biz/fb/>
# This script is licensed under GNU GPL version 2.0 or above
# -------------------------------------------------------------------------
# This script is part of nixCraft shell script collection (NSSC)
# Visit http://bash.cyberciti.biz/ for more information.
# -------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
# get current hour (24 clock format i.e. 0-23)
hour=$(date +"%H")
 
# if it is midnight to midafternoon will say G'morning
if [ $hour -ge 0 -a $hour -lt 12 ]
then
  greet="Good Morning, $USER"
# if it is midafternoon to evening ( before 6 pm) will say G'noon
elif [ $hour -ge 12 -a $hour -lt 18 ] 
then
  greet="Good Afternoon, $USER"
else # it is good evening till midnight
  greet="Good evening, $USER"
fi
 
# display greet
echo $greet

Shell Script to read any year and find whether it is a leap year or not

in Categories Time and Date last updated April 5, 2008

A leap year comes once every four years. It is the year when an extra day is added to the Gregorian calendar used by most of the world.

An ordinary year has 365 days. A leap year has 366 days. The extra day is added to the month of February. In an ordinary year, February has 28 days. In a leap year, it has 29 days. This extra day is called a leap day.

How do I find out leap year?

A year is a leap year if it can be evenly divided by four. For example, 1996 was a leap year. But a year is not a leap year if can be evenly divided by 100 and not by 400. This is why 1700, 1800, 1900 were not leap years, but 2000 was.

Shell script to determine if entered year is leap or not…

#!/bin/bash
# Shell program to read any year and find whether leap year or not
# -----------------------------------------------
# Copyright (c) 2005 nixCraft project <http://cyberciti.biz/fb/>
# This script is licensed under GNU GPL version 2.0 or above
# -------------------------------------------------------------------------
# This script is part of nixCraft shell script collection (NSSC)
# Visit http://bash.cyberciti.biz/ for more information.
# -------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
# store year
yy=0
isleap="false"
 
echo -n "Enter year (yyyy) : "
read yy
 
# find out if it is a leap year or not
 
if [ $((yy % 4)) -ne 0 ] ; then
   : #  not a leap year : means do nothing and use old value of isleap
elif [ $((yy % 400)) -eq 0 ] ; then
   # yes, it's a leap year
   isleap="true"
elif [ $((yy % 100)) -eq 0 ] ; then
   : # not a leap year do nothing and use old value of isleap
else
   # it is a leap year
   isleap="true"
fi
if [ "$isleap" == "true" ];
then
   echo "$yy is leap year"
else
   echo "$yy is NOT leap year"
fi

Shell script to read a number and find whether the number is odd or even

in Categories Decision Making last updated April 5, 2008
#!/bin/bash
# Shell script to read a number and find whether the number is odd or even
# -------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Copyright (c) 2005 nixCraft project <http://cyberciti.biz/fb/>
# This script is licensed under GNU GPL version 2.0 or above
# -------------------------------------------------------------------------
# This script is part of nixCraft shell script collection (NSSC)
# Visit http://bash.cyberciti.biz/ for more information.
# -------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
echo -n "Enter numnber : "
read n
 
rem=$(( $n % 2 ))
 
if [ $rem -eq 0 ]
then
  echo "$n is even number"
else
  echo "$n is odd number"
fi