A simple Linux and Unix bash shell script that would restart your MySQL or MariDB server if it is killed or not working due to ANY reasons.

# Shell script to restart MySQL server if it is killed or not working 
# due to ANY causes.
# When script detects mysql is not running (it basically sends ping request 
# to MySQL) it try to start using /etc/init.d/mysql script; and it sends an 
# email to user indicating the status.
# This script must be run from Cron Job so that it can monitor mysql server. 
# For more info visit following url:
# https://www.cyberciti.biz/tips/linux-mysql-server-monitoring.html
# --------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Copyright (C) 2005 nixCraft project <http://cyberciti.biz/fb/>
# This script is licensed under GNU GPL version 2.0 or above
# -------------------------------------------------------------------------
# This script is part of nixCraft shell script collection (NSSC)
# Visit http://bash.cyberciti.biz/ for more information.
# -------------------------------------------------------------------------
# mysql root/admin username
# mysql admin/root password
# mysql server hostname
#Shell script to start MySQL server i.e. path to MySQL daemon start/stop script.
# Debain uses following script, need to setup this according to your UNIX/Linux/BSD OS. 
MSTART="/etc/init.d/mysql start"
# Email ID to send notification
# path to mail program 
MAILCMD="$(which mail)"
# path mysqladmin
MADMIN="$(which mysqladmin)"
#### DO NOT CHANGE anything BELOW ####
# see if MySQL server is alive or not
# 2&1 could be better but i would like to keep it simple and easy to
# understand stuff :)
$MADMIN -h $MHOST -u $MUSER -p${MPASS} ping 2>/dev/null 1>/dev/null
if [ $? -ne 0 ]; then
	echo "" >$MAILMESSAGE
	echo "Error: MySQL Server is not running/responding ping request">>$MAILMESSAGE
	echo "Hostname: $(hostname)" >>$MAILMESSAGE
	echo "Date & Time: $(date)" >>$MAILMESSAGE
	# try to start mysql
	# see if it is started or not
	o=$(ps cax | grep -c ' mysqld$')
	if [ $o -eq 1 ]; then
		sMess="MySQL Server MySQL server successfully restarted"
		sMess="MySQL server FAILED to restart"
	# Email status too 
	echo "Current Status: $sMess" >>$MAILMESSAGE
	echo "" >>$MAILMESSAGE
	echo "*** This email generated by $(basename $0) shell script ***" >>$MAILMESSAGE
	echo "*** Please don't reply this email, this is just notification email ***" >>$MAILMESSAGE
	# send email
else # MySQL is running :) and do nothing
# remove file
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7 comments… add one
  • simbah ronggo Apr 23, 2014 @ 19:35

    sub_mysql=’mysql proses down and up’
    MYSQL_START=’/etc/init.d/mysql start’
    #check pid
    if [ $? -ne 0 ]; then
    $MYSQL_START | mail -s “$sub_mysql” $email

  • Mgreen Oct 23, 2012 @ 4:35

    Would work better if it check that it could accept commands.

    Something Like….

    mysql -Dmysql -e “SELECT 1;”


  • Ed Jul 15, 2012 @ 18:59


    Thanks for this nice script.
    I’m quite new at server administration, and have 2 questions about your script :
    1- What do you mean by :
    # path to mail program
    MAILCMD=”$(which mail)”
    # path mysqladmin
    MADMIN=”$(which mysqladmin)”

    Do I need to enter the path of both mail and mysql servers ?

    2- If I enter wrong information for the password (and I leave the default intel as question 1), it works …
    So are login and pawd required ?
    Do it works only I 1- is correctly filled ?

    (I’m working with a ovh release 2 (gentoo))


  • Meskalyn May 6, 2009 @ 1:21

    Very, very nice script.
    Simple, but so usefull ;)

  • Murat Çabuk Apr 28, 2009 @ 9:33

    Thank you. Best Shell Script.

  • Ahmet Alp Apr 23, 2009 @ 18:42

    Very Good. Thank you some much.

  • Branislav Viest May 27, 2008 @ 15:11

    very good a simple. thx

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