Changes

Jump to navigation Jump to search
no edit summary
Line 1: Line 1:  +
{{navigation
 +
|previous=Main Page
 +
|next=Who created Linux|Who created Linux?}}
 +
 
[[Linux]] is a free open-source operating system based on [[Unix]]. [[Linus Torvalds]] originally created Linux with the assistance of developers from around the world. Linux is:
 
[[Linux]] is a free open-source operating system based on [[Unix]]. [[Linus Torvalds]] originally created Linux with the assistance of developers from around the world. Linux is:
   Line 6: Line 10:  
* Network operating system
 
* Network operating system
   −
Strictly speaking, Linux is a [[kernel]]. A [[kernel]] provides access to the computer hardware and control access to resources. The kernel decides who will use a resource, for how long and when. You can download the Linux kernel from the official web site.
+
Strictly speaking, Linux is a [[kernel]]. A [[kernel]] provides access to the computer hardware and control access to resources such as:
 +
* Files and data.
 +
* Running programs.
 +
* Loading programs into memory.
 +
* Networks.
 +
* Security and firewall.
 +
* Other resources etc.
 +
The kernel decides who will use a resource, for how long and when.You can download the Linux kernel from the official web site.  However, the Linux kernel itself is useless unless you get all the applications such as [[text editors]], [[email clients]], [[browsers]], [[office applications]], etc. Therefore, someone came up with idea of a [[Linux distribution]]. A typical Linux distribution includes:
 +
 
 +
* Linux kernel.
 +
* GNU application utilities such as text editors, browsers etc.
 +
* Collection of various GUI (X windows) applications and utilities.
 +
* Office application software.
 +
* Software development tools and compilers.
 +
* Thousands of ready to use application software packages.
 +
* Linux Installation programs/scripts.
 +
* Linux post installation management tools daily work such as adding users, installing applications, etc.
 +
* And, a [[Shell]] to glue everything together.
 +
 
 +
Corporate and small businesses users need support while running Linux, so companies such as [[Red Hat]] or [[Novell]] provide Linux tech-support and sell it as product. Nevertheless, community driven Linux distributions do exist such as [[Debian]], [[Gentoo]] and they are entirely free. There are over 200+ Linux distributions.
   −
However, the Linux kernel itself is useless unless you get all the applications such as [[text editors]], [[email clients]], [[browsers]], [[office applications]], etc. Therefore, someone came up with idea of a [[Linux distribution]]. A typical Linux distribution includes:
     −
* Linux kernel
  −
* GNU application utilities such as text editors, browsers
  −
* GUI (X windows)
  −
* Office application software
  −
* Software development tools and compilers
  −
* Thousands of ready to use application software packages
  −
* Linux Installation programs/scripts
  −
* Linux post installation management tools daily work such as adding users, installing applications, etc
     −
Corporate and small businesses users need support while running Linux, so companies such as [[Red Hat]] or [[Novell]] provide Linux tech-support and sell it as product. Nevertheless, community driven Linux distributions do exist such as [[Debian]], [[Gentoo]] and they are entirely free. There are over 200+ Linux distributions.
      
[[Category:Introduction to Shells]]
 
[[Category:Introduction to Shells]]
 +
 +
{{navigation
 +
|previous=Main Page
 +
|next=Who created Linux|Who created Linux?}}

Navigation menu