Use history command to display or manipulate the history list. Run the history command to list commands that you have previously entered.
- 1 How to list the previous commands you entered
- 2 How do I list the previous 10 commands only?
- 3 How to repeat the last command one time
- 4 How to repeat command number <n> in the history buffer
- 5 How to repeat command beginning with the string <string>
- 6 How to clear the history list by deleting all of the entries
- 7 Getting help on history command
- 8 See also
How to list the previous commands you entered
The history command entered by itself lists the previous 29 commands entered as follows:
The listing first displays the position of the command in the $HOME/.bash_history file followed by the command.
How do I list the previous 10 commands only?
713 pwd 714 lsb_release -a 715 help history 716 date 717 history 5
How to repeat the last command one time
Say you typed reboot:
You will get an error that read as follows:
User root is logged in on sshd. The reboot must be run as root user
Now recall the last reboot command using sudo as follows:
sudo reboot [sudo] password for vivek:
How to repeat command number <n> in the history buffer
To repeat command number 72, run:
How to repeat command beginning with the string <string>
To repeat command beginning with the string sudo, run:
To repeat command beginning with the string "z", run:
How to clear the history list by deleting all of the entries
Run the following command
Getting help on history command
Simply type the following [[help command]:
history: history [-c] [-d offset] [n] or history -anrw [filename] or history -ps arg [arg...] Display or manipulate the history list. Display the history list with line numbers, prefixing each modified entry with a `*'. An argument of N lists only the last N entries. Options: -c clear the history list by deleting all of the entries -d offset delete the history entry at position OFFSET. -a append history lines from this session to the history file -n read all history lines not already read from the history file and append them to the history list -r read the history file and append the contents to the history list -w write the current history to the history file -p perform history expansion on each ARG and display the result without storing it in the history list -s append the ARGs to the history list as a single entry If FILENAME is given, it is used as the history file. Otherwise, if HISTFILE has a value, that is used, else ~/.bash_history. If the HISTTIMEFORMAT variable is set and not null, its value is used as a format string for strftime(3) to print the time stamp associated with each displayed history entry. No time stamps are printed otherwise. Exit Status: Returns success unless an invalid option is given or an error occurs.