GNU

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  • GNU is a recursive acronym for GNU's Not Unix.
  • The GNU project started in 1984.
  • Development of GNU was initiated by Richard Stallman.
  • Free software foundation (FSF) is a non profit organization that manages the GNU project.
  • Main goal - create free UNIX like operating system and kernel called the GNU Hurd. However, GNU's kernel isn't finished, so GNU is used with the kernel Linux. The combination of GNU and Linux is the GNU/Linux operating system, now used by millions. gNewSense is an example of a GNU/Linux distribution.
  • GNU components such as GCC, binary and core utilities, the bash shell, and glibc are part of BSD and Linux operating systems.
  • FSF published a single license called the GNU General Public License (GPL), which is used for GNU compilers and utilities.

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