Shell Script To Count Number Of Files In Each Subdirectories

in Categories Decision Making, File-management last updated September 19, 2008
# Write a script that will count the number of files in each of your subdirectories.
# -------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Copyright (c) 2001 nixCraft project <>
# This script is licensed under GNU GPL version 2.0 or above
# -------------------------------------------------------------------------
# This script is part of nixCraft shell script collection (NSSC)
# Visit for more information.
# -------------------------------------------------------------------------
# change your directory to command line if passed
# otherwise use home directory
[ $# -eq 1 ] && START=$1 || :
if [ ! -d $START ] 
	echo "$START not a directory!"
	exit 1
# use find command to get all subdirs name in DIRS variable
DIRS=$(find "$START" -type d)
# loop thought each dir to get the number of files in each of subdir
for d in $DIRS
   [ "$d" != "." -a "$d" != ".." ] &&  echo "$d dirctory has $(ls -l $d | wc -l) files" || :

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13 comment

  1. Hi!

    I learnt a lot from this, but i have a question. I would like to count the file types in each subfolder. For example Directory1 has 4 pdf 3 txt files Directory2 has 1 png 1jpg files.
    And i would like to do this without using awk.

  2. Hmmm… getting greater and greater – find the error :-)
    crzydg@aitne ~ $ find -type f -execdir pwd \; | uniq -c |wc -l
    crzydg@aitne ~ $ find . -type f -printf ‘%h\n’ | sort | uniq -c |wc -l
    crzydg@aitne ~ $ find . -type f | uniq -c |wc -l
    crzydg@aitne ~ $ pwd

  3. Here is the Full Script
    DIRLIST=$(find “$1” -type d)
    for d in $DIRLIST
    [ $d != “.” -a $d != “..” ] && count=$(find “$d” -maxdepth 1 -type f | wc -l)
    printf “Directory name :$d $count \n”

  4. I like Gagan’s version, but is slow because it executes pwd (an external program) for each file. A faster version:

    find . -type f -printf '%h\n' | sort | uniq -c

    and, to sort by the number of files and only get the first ten you can add

    find . -type f -printf '%h\n' | sort | uniq -c | sort -nr | head

  5. Hi there..

    Love the script, just what I was looking for… Must admit that what someone posted ‘ find -type f -execdir pwd \; | sort | uniq -c ‘ was easier but would not even have found that if it was not for your site.


  6. Hi Gagan,

    can you pl. explain the string which you had paste here.
    what is use case of “f” in your string?

    Ashish Barot.

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